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golang 简单队列任务

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golang 简单队列任务

Go: 简单队列任务
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// In this example we'll look at how to implement
// a _worker pool_ using goroutines and channels.

package main

import "fmt"
import "time"

// Here's the worker, of which we'll run several
// concurrent instances. These workers will receive
// work on the `jobs` channel and send the corresponding
// results on `results`. We'll sleep a second per job to
// simulate an expensive task.
func worker(id int, jobs <-chan int, results chan<- int) {
	for j := range jobs {
		fmt.Println("worker", id, "started  job", j)
		time.Sleep(time.Second)
		fmt.Println("worker", id, "finished job", j)
		results <- j * 2
	}
}

func main() {

	// In order to use our pool of workers we need to send
	// them work and collect their results. We make 2
	// channels for this.
	jobs := make(chan int, 100)
	results := make(chan int, 100)

	// This starts up 3 workers, initially blocked
	// because there are no jobs yet.
	for w := 1; w <= 3; w++ {
		go worker(w, jobs, results)
	}

	// Here we send 5 `jobs` and then `close` that
	// channel to indicate that's all the work we have.
	for j := 1; j <= 5; j++ {
		jobs <- j
	}
	close(jobs)

	// Finally we collect all the results of the work.
	for a := 1; a <= 5; a++ {
		<-results
	}
}

输出:

plaintext: 简单队列任务输出结果
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worker 3 started  job 1
worker 1 started  job 2
worker 2 started  job 3
worker 1 finished job 2
worker 1 started  job 4
worker 3 finished job 1
worker 3 started  job 5
worker 2 finished job 3
worker 3 finished job 5
worker 1 finished job 4

From https://gobyexample.com/worker-pools

本文网址: https://golangnote.com/topic/157.html 转摘请注明来源

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